Infrared cameras are very popular for their ability to detect heat sources and have many applications. These cameras are generally integrated with computer systems and can detect differences in temperatures of very small samples, or extremely large collections. The ability to detect differences in temperature, relative humidity, and barometric pressure are essential for manufacturing control and quality control. This capability makes them ideal for industrial, automotive, and laboratory applications, such as the industrial machine vision system.
Machine Vision Imaging Applications
Infrared cameras are often used in machine vision imaging applications in the infrared spectrum of up to 14 miles, which is invisible to the human eye. The short wave infrared (SWIR) spectrum is especially exciting for image processing because it is able to be used for applications like fruit sorting and wafer inspection, which can make use of minute samples of parts and components. Large collections of samples in this far infrared wavelength can also be processed for analysis by machine vision techniques. Additionally, the ability to process thermal images in this wavelength allows for accurate measurements of temperatures inside applications where access is difficult, such as in the case of a space shuttle.
The ability to process thermal images at shorter wavelengths allows for more targeted applications. This has resulted in the development of many different infrared energy management systems that can reduce costs, improve accuracy, and save time and money. One such machine vision imaging camera called the Thermal Image Thermometer is a combination microwave/infrared thermometer/optical pipeline machine. Other infrared energy management techniques include carbon dioxide detectors and infrared cameras, which can measure the amount of heat provided by objects. Such systems can significantly reduce manufacturing costs and improve accuracy.